Reclamation of coal mining operations: select issue
Surface coal mining and reclamation. surface coal mining involves disturbing overlying rock layers overburden to expose and extract coal reserves using the area mining method wherein the overburden above the uppermost coal seam and the innerburden between the lower coal seams are removed in parallel strips pits across the coalfield until the area is mined.
The colorado surface coal mining reclamation act coal act was passed by the colorado general assembly in response to the federal surface mining control and reclamation act smcra of 1977 pl 95-87. smcra requires all coal mines in the united states to meet minimum performance standards for environmental and public protection and reclamation.
11.9 western surface coal mining 11.9.1 general 1 there are 12 major coal fields in the western states excluding the pacific coast and alaskan fields, as shown in figure 11.9-1. together, they account for more than 64 percent of the surface minable coal reserves in the united states. 2 the 12 coal fields have varying characteristics that may mining.Surface coal mining has caused signiﬁcant forest loss in the appalachian region of the usa, but a new reclamation method, the fra, is being used by some coal mining.
Title v of the surface mining control and reclamation act protecting the environment. the surface mining control and reclamation act smcra balances the need to protect the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining with the nations need for coal as an essential energy source. it ensures that coal mining operations are conducted in an environmentally responsible manner and mining.
Ap 42 11.9 western surface coal minin
Once coal removal is complete, final regrading takes place and the area is revegetated. the operation is required to reclaim the mine to aoc or approximate original contours unless this requirement has been waived by the agency that has granted the surface mining control and reclamation act of 1977 smcra permit for the operation. top of page.Issued an environmental impact statement looking at the impacts of surface coal mining and valley fills. this was done as part of a settlement agreement in the court case known as bragg v. robertson, civ. no. 2:98-0636 s.d. w.v.. the purpose was to evaluate options for improving agency programs that contribute to reducing the adverse mining.Aug 18, 2020 in the 1970s, after the passage of the surface mining control and reclamation act smcra of 1977 and the resultant state permanent regulatory programs, coal mined lands were mandated to be returned as close as possible to the approximate original landscape, and since successful revegetation was rigorously required, natural topsoil, or a mining.
Mining and reclamation act the arkansas surface coal mining and reclamation code the department of environmental quality is an agency of the state of arkansas. we are headquartered in north little rock and have oﬃces and inspectors throughout the state. our regulatory programs for air, water, solid waste, hazardous waste, regulated storage mining.Mining control and reclamation act of 1977, as amended, public law 95-87. 2 further, the legislature finds that unregulated surface coal mining operations may result in disturbances of surface and underground areas that burden and adversely affect commerce, public welfare.
Oct 21, 2014 bragg v. west virginia coal assn - opposition. v. west virginia coal association, et al. whether the eleventh amendment bars a citizen suit under section 520 a 2 of the surface mining control and reclamation act of 1977 smcra, 30 u.s.c. 1270 a 2, against the director of a state agency in his official capacity, when that suit alleges mining.
West virginia admits that its coal mine reclamatio
a after a surface coal mining and reclamation permit application has been approved but before the permit is issued, the applicant shall file with the commission, on a form prescribed and furnished by the commission, a performance bond payable to this state and conditioned on the faithful performance of the requirements of this chapter and the mining.
Nov 13, 2020 coal river mountain isn’t the only area in west virginia facing new mountaintop removal and other forms of strip mining. between 2018 and 2020, wvdep issued permits for 20 new surface mines across the state’s southern counties, covering a combined 9,016 acres, or a little over 14 square miles, according to an appalachian voices analysis of mining.Surface mining control and reclamation act of 1977, pub. l. no. 95-87, 91 stat. 445 codified as amended at 30 u.s.c. 1201-1328 2017. smcra ’s reclamation requirements apply to surface coal mines, surface effects of underground coal mines, and other coal mining related structures e.g., roads. for simplicity, we refer to these as. osmre regulating coal mines office of surface . the u.s. governments official website for the office of surface mining reclamation mining.
Apr 17, 2020 and west virginia had failed to take the necessary steps—including steps mandated by the surface mining act—to ensure that it has adequate funds to pay for such reclamation. congress created the surface mining act in 1977 to avoid exactly this scenario. the surface mining act was passed to address the trend of coal mine operators abandoning mining.May 13, 2021 the reclaim act h.r. 1733/s. 1455, introduced by representatives cartwright d-penn. and thompson r-penn. in the house and senator manchin d-w.va. in the senate, would distribute more than 1 billion from the aml fund to coal communities over the next five years, while the bill to reauthorize the abandoned mine lands program h.r. 1734/s mining.
Coal communities and mine cleanup at the center of federa
Apr 29, 2021 coal mine reclamation is the rehabilitation of land after coal mining operations have stopped. it is a requirement of the surface mining control and reclamation act smcra of 1977.. as mining operations cease bulldozers and scrapers are used to reshape the disturbed area. reclamation should allow for the area to be resistant to soil erosion and, based on the soil requirements, fertilized mining.Feb 25, 2013 the amendments revise the virginia coal surface mining reclamation regulations pertaining to ownership and control, valid existing rights, self-bonding, and availability of records to maintain consistency with the corresponding federal regulations. 4vac25-130-700.5. definitions.2016 west virginia code chapter 22. environmental resources article 3. surface coal mining and reclamation act. 22-3-1. short title. 22-3-3. definitions. 22-3-5. surface-mining reclamation supervisors and inspectors; appointment and qualifications; salary. 22-3-6. duties of surface-mining reclamation inspectors and inspectors in mining.Title v of the surface mining control and reclamation act protecting the environment. the surface mining control and reclamation act smcra balances the need to protect the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining with the nations need for coal as an essential energy source. it ensures that coal mining operations are conducted in an environmentally responsible manner and that the land is adequately reclaimed during and following the mining mining.In this action alleging claims under the west virginia surface coal mining and reclamation act, w. va. code 22-31 to 22-3-38, the supreme court answered several questions of law certified to it by the federal court. the court answered, inter alia, that 1 a 1902 deed provision transferring the right to mine coal without leaving any support for the overlying strata and without liability for mining.
Coal regulatory program colorado division of reclamatio
When a provision of the west virginia surface coal mining and reclamation act, w.va.code, 22a-3-1 et seq., is inconsistent with federal requirements in the surface mining control and reclamation act, 30 u.s.c. 1201 et seq., the state act must be read in a way consistent with the federal actmining.1970’s and culminated in the surface mining control and reclamation act smcra of 1977 and subsequent advancement in knowledge since that time. within current energy industries in the western united states, much can be learned from almost 30 years of coal mine reclamation mining.Jun 08, 2021 the u.s. office of surface mining reclamation and enforcement added a notice to the federal registry on may 18 that prevents the state of oklahoma from mining.Nov 17, 2020 prior to the enactment of the surface mining control and reclamation act smcra in 1977, no federal law had authorized reclamation requirements for coal mining operators to restore lands and waters affected by mining practices. title v of smcra authorized a federal regulatory program for coal mine operations after 1977.